All about the gooseberry, the red shrub of pleasure
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The currant bush is the shrub of our childhood. Present in most vegetable gardens, it is medium in size and has small, slightly embossed leaves. From June, its branches are adorned with clusters of delicate and shiny fruits. Rich in dozens of varieties, the gooseberry family satisfies all tastes. There are gooseberries with white, pink or red fruits. The latter being the favorite prey of birds in the spring. Other varieties of currant bushes may find their place in your garden, such as gooseberry, with an acid taste; or else the case, a cross between currant and blackcurrant.
The gooseberry is very easy to grow in small and large gardens. It delighted the taste buds for years without much maintenance. Our practical tips will help novice and experienced gardeners take full advantage of their redcurrant harvest every season.
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Planting the currant bush
The currant bushes are planted in a damp ground and well enriched with compost. Work the soil well before installing the shrub. Plant the currant bushes at about 1.50 m distance and pay attention to the roots that remain very artificial. Install the shrubs in an area of the garden slightly in the shade. Water copiously at the plantation so that the roots settle. Currants do not need to be planted. If your land is very clayey, lighten the soil with enriched soil and do not oversoot the soil around the shrub. In winter, do not hesitate to plant the gooseberry bushes. For that, let the roots soak in praline, composed of potting soil, a mixture of water and manure before, plant the currant bush.
Potted currant fruit, care tips
The gooseberry can be planted in large pots. He likes cool, well-moist soil. Reserve him a place where the earth will not dry. Avoid full sun or full wind. Water well without adding too much fertilizer in the spring, this is not necessary for currant bush which is used to difficult terrain.
Size and maintenance of gooseberry
Currants, whatever their variety carve out at the end of winter, and at the latest at the beginning of spring. Start by removing the dead wood from pruning shears then all the badly arranged branches pointing towards its center. To obtain good harvests, cut the oldest branches to the ground, these are the darkest ones. If you prune the currant tree too late in the season, you will not have a fruit crop.
Watering and fertilizer in currant bush
The gooseberry gives good harvests when it is well watered. He enjoys fresh and rich lands. In temperate and humid regions, forget the watering but keep the gooseberry bush well covered with mulching (mowing grass or dry leaves) to avoid drought. Gooseberry does not need any special fertilizer. Add a little compost around the foot at the time of annual pruning and lightly scrape the soil off the rake. If you notice a drop in fruiting, water your gooseberries with a mixture of water and nettle or comfrey.
Diseases and parasites affecting currant bush
Gooseberry is not very susceptible to diseases. If the foliage fades or yellows, it is because your land lacks iron, or it is too calcareous. Add acid earth around the currant bushes. Gray powdery mildew, rust or anthracnose can also attack the leaves, fruits and wood currants. Cut and burn the affected parts. Use a solution of comfrey manure to strengthen the currant and cleanse it. If you observe the presence of aphids on your currant bushesdo not let them grow. Spray the shrubs with soapy water with black soap and then with nettle manure.
To know about the currant bush
The currant bush comes from northern Europe. It has been cultivated in France since the Middle Ages and particularly in the eastern regions. In Lorraine, gooseberries are harvested and then seeded with the tip of a sharp goose feather. This allows to cook them in jelly without damaging them. The name of the gooseberry comes from the English tradition of accompanying fresh mackerel with a sauce made with fresh currants.
Varieties of gooseberry to choose
Among the many varieties of currant bushes, opt for a Jonkheer van tetswith slightly acidic red fruits and powdery mildew-resistant foliage. If your garden is south of the Loire, plant the variety Junifer productive who does not suffer from heat. The currant bush White Versaillaise gives sweet, white fruits to harvest in July. If you like pink, choose the variety Glory of sand productive and resistant.
Gardener's tip on currant bush
The currant's roots remain on the ground. Be careful not to damage them when you dig. To avoid red currant rape by birds, alternate varieties of different colors and plant several shrubs. And if that's not enough, protect them with a net.