All about laurel-rose, shrub symbol of the Riviera
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The oleander is a shrub with persistent foliage and abundant flowers in the form of long bells. Because it does not support frost, oleander is grown in pots in cold regions. Also, it grows naturally in Mediterranean areas, especially on the Riviera, alongside bougainvillea and fig trees. The oleander is in bloom between June and the end of October. It enjoys rich soil and should be planted in full sun or partial shade. Be careful, the oleander is a poisonous plant to keep away from children and pets.
The oleander is a Mediterranean shrub to plant in the ground in areas that do not risk freezing, otherwise to grow in pots. Its brightly colored flowers, from white to red, cover the shrub between June and October. Our practical tips will help beginners and confirmed gardeners to grow the oleander with success in their garden or on their terrace.
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Planting the oleander
Plant the oleander in the ground if you are sure that the temperature will not fall below -5 °. In the limit areas, protect the oleanders after flowering with a protective veil. From April to June, install the oleander in a well-digged soil, enriched with a good dose of compost. Dig holes at least twice as big as the laurel foot, especially if you plant small feet. Spread the shrubs from 2 meters: their shoot is fast and some reach 3 meters high after a few years. Arrange the oleander in the middle of the hole, shake lightly and water copiously.
Potted oleander, care tips
The oleander is grown everywhere in pots, on a terrace or balcony, but systematically in cold regions. Plan pots at a height of about 50 cm at the beginning. Lay a good drainage layer in the bottom, add a earth enriched with compost, place the shrub and water generously. Install the oleander in the sun and plan a watering a week, from July if the land is too dry. Watch out for freezing in winter frequent on a terrace or a balcony. From November, protect the oleander from a wintering veil.
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Size and maintenance of the oleander
The oleander is pruning at the beginning of spring, to keep it "in shape". If you notice that many branches have frozen, cut the plant flush to allow it to leave.
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Watering and fertilizer of the oleander
Water the oleander in summer, in the heat of summer. Water the shrubs, avoid too much watering the flowers. In pots, sprinkle the oleander once a week from flowering. Add a dose offertilizer for flowering plants with each watering.
Diseases and parasites that affect the oleander
The oleander is at risk of mealybugs or aphids, especially when he is in a pot. So, treat him regularly with Bordeaux mixture.
To know about the oleander
All the components of the oleander are toxic (sap, branches, leaves and flowers): animals as humans can be poisoned. 2 hours after ingestion of cardiac, neurological or digestive symptoms may occur.
Varieties of laurel-rose to choose
The oleander exists in several colors from white to dark red. Multiply the colors to form very colorful summer hedges. Some oleanders have good frost resistance, this is the case with the variety Roman Villa.
Gardener's tip on the oleander
Do not throw a frozen laurel! Cut the branches to the ground, straw well, and wait for spring. There is a good chance that the oleander will leave. The laurel-rose easily cuttings. Detach short branches of the year in August. Remove the leaves and vertically the branch on a few centimeters. Arrange the branch in a glass of water with a little charcoal basically. Watch for the appearance of new roots. Replant the new oleander after two months in a pot with a mixture of light soil and sand.