What will the house of the future look like?
In 2030, when you sign for a new home, what will it look like and how will you live there? Two construction professionals are decoding for us the evolutions to come.
Connected, evolving and always more comfortable, the house of the future will be at the service of its inhabitants. They will be able to vary the size of the rooms and control (without even thinking about it) the quality of the indoor air or the brightness. The house of the future will be both technological and simple, powerful but not overpriced. What good news !
Comfort without effort
What will the house of the future look like? "We can draw a parallel with cars: cars have never been so technologically complex and, at the same time, they have never been so easy to drive and functional," explains Didier Roux. Director of R & D and Innovation of Saint-Gobain Group. "For the house, it's the same: the housing of the future will bring comfort, but in a simple way.Technology will be at the service of ease of use.As for the car, this house of the future, more efficient, will have to also be cheaper, thanks to productivity gains made during construction. "
In the house, comfort is paramount and it is multi-faceted. It lies in both the indoor temperature, brightness, acoustics, air quality, aesthetics. Not to mention the ability of the house to evolve with its inhabitants.
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The house of the future will be evolutionary
In 2050, according to INSEE forecasts, one in three French people will be 60 years old or older. The house must adapt to the aging of its inhabitants, with accessible bathrooms or the possibility of being in touch with a medical team, from a distance.
But, the house of the future will also have to accompany family changes: stepfamilies, single parent homes, etc. "We are going towards a greater flexibility of interior design, which exists only very little now," says Didier Roux. "Thus, the size of the rooms could change with the age of the children."
Sébastien Dourthe, a builder of single-family homes in Indre-et-Loire (Trabeco), confirms: "It's a house that will grow according to the needs and means of the family. In this area there will be room for an extension which would take a few weeks to implement.This flexibility will result from the improvement of the construction process.We must build faster, cheaper, constant quality level. . "
Inaugurated in 2011, the Saint-Gobain multi-comfort house in Beaucouzé (49) is the result of a global reflection on sustainable construction. It foreshadows the habitat of tomorrow. Architect Laure Levanneur, ARCHIfact agency.
Warm up and produce energy
What heating for the house of the future? "Speaking of heating, the house of the future is home today," said Didier Roux. "Currently, as part of the RT 2012, a new house must not exceed a consumption of 50kWh / m2 / year for all heating, cooling, lighting, domestic hot water and auxiliary What do we notice? the electricity consumption related to other uses (household appliances, computers, multimedia ...) can reach 150 to 200 kWh / m2 / year.Heating is no longer the issue! "
For a thermally efficient house, the right choices have to be made right from the design stage. "The orientation of the house is very important and it will always be true", continues Sébastien Dourthe. "On a well-oriented house, you can add a source of energy production (photovoltaic for example) and most importantly, take advantage of free solar contributions.There is one area where improvements are expected is the summer comfort. We are going towards a more intuitive control of solar protection and ventilation, especially at night. "
Connected home, for all
"In the house of tomorrow, many objects will be connected, controllable and give feedback, via a single interface and simple," said Sébastien Dourthe. "More and more tasks will be delegated to the house itself, and when it comes to ventilation, we will not have to tell ourselves: I have to open the windows and then think about closing them again. 'occupy it.
"Our vision at Saint-Gobain is that digital will, one way or another, upset the world of construction," says Didier Roux. "The connectivity is going to be at the service of the simplicity of use but, above all, it will give the inhabitant diagnostic tools, but to change its comfort, it must first be able to measure it. to encourage all building stakeholders to move towards solutions that are even better adapted to the needs of the end user. "
Societal developments will also greatly influence the habitat of the future. Will the house of tomorrow be a detached house? Other answers, equally interesting, could emerge as shared habitat or small collectives.
See also> Connected home: get started!
Thanks to :
Didier Roux, Director of Research and Development and Innovation of the Saint-Gobain Group (www.construireavecsaint-gobain.fr & www.saint-gobain.com)
Sébastien Dourthe, builder of individual houses in Indre-et-Loire, member of the Trabeco national network (www.trabeco.fr)