Connected home: get started!
Driving the house is not a new idea. It has been known for a long time to centralize shutter closure, plan the opening of the gate, manage automatic irrigation or lighting. Until now, however, home automation systems have been relatively complex and often wired. Everything changes with the arrival of connected objects. Today, all you need is a home automation box and a Wi-Fi connection to easily take control of the equipment of the house.
However, one or two connected objects do not make a home automation project! For comfort gains to be real, data must be converged into a single, ergonomic and simple interface. It is also necessary, upstream, to have taken the time to identify its needs. Two experts (François-Xavier Jeuland and Sébastien Dourthe) agreed to do the trick for us.
Objects connected to the smart home
Connected doorbell, smart thermostat, controlled power outlet, bed that monitors your sleep ... connected objects are multiplying at high speed. Tomorrow, they will be everywhere in the house. Is this the new home automation and how do they make the house smarter? "Intelligence is the ability to connect these objects to each other, around a single application," says François-Xavier Jeuland, author of the House and Communicating President of the French Federation of Home Automation. "Because every object connected to its language, its application and its logic.Years ago, we sometimes had 10 remote controls for shutters, music, television ... It's a bit like that. 'stake is in convergence'.
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From driving to "predictive intelligence"
If connected equipment multiplies, the other big news is that we can now entrust the house itself part of the steering. "We do not necessarily want to spend time administering everything.Today, we can make certain things happen on their own.This is a hidden intelligence, at the service of the user. However, it retains control and the possibility of derogating from established rules, "notes François-Xavier Jeuland.
While yesterday we were planning more or less complex scenarios (heating the bathroom in the morning just before the shower or simulating a presence during the absence periods) today, we can ask the house to anticipate from information captured in the environment. For example, by connecting to the weather report, the house will go down the blinds or close the roof windows, following the instructions given by the user. It can also adjust the lighting of the living room according to the number of people present in the room, or even propose a suitable musical atmosphere.
To each his home automation
So, how to design your home automation project? "There is no standard solution, but as many projects as users and we must start by understanding the needs, says François-Xavier Jeuland.The resident is he a senior? A family very concerned about security A person who rents his house a few months in the year Each time, the need is specific In the analysis, it is also necessary to take into account the equipment present in the house.
Any project starts with the identification of the needs of the family, its place of life, but not only. Home automation can also help to keep an elderly or isolated parent at bay.
Soon: the plug and play
Can we, alone, embark on a connected home project? "With the development of wireless solutions, all homes are now eligible for new homes, home improvements or renovations, but unless you're a bit of a handyman, for now is not yet within the reach of everyone, explains François-Xavier Jeuland.In a few years, all or almost everything will work in plug and play.Any object (connectable) that you add, it will be able to recognize the system In the meantime, it is necessary to call on a professional, unless you are passionate and rather handyman because successful home automation often requires interfacing with a boiler, a switchboard or a roller shutter motor. Choosing the right professional is important because home automation affects the day-to-day life of the family and its safety, and we need to be confident. "
The new pre-connected house
If you have a construction project, some developers have perfectly integrated the home automation issue.
"Our homes are delivered (as standard) with a basic home automation offering that can control the shutters and the garage door," said Sebastien Dourthe, a builder of single-family homes in Indre-et-Loire, a member of the Trabeco network. he wants to go further, the customer can add options for heating, automatic watering, an alarm system or multimedia.It equips at his own pace and according to his needs.It can evolve his installation alone or to contact us, even several years after delivery. "
Trabeco relies on solutions proposed by recognized French manufacturers (Somfy, Delta Dore). "At the heart of the device, there is a box, without subscription, with a control interface and access to a user account that centralizes information.It only takes an internet connection for it to work," says Sébastien Dourthe .
What if the house also took care of our health?
Security, peace of mind, energy savings (thanks to a consumption adjusted to the needs), the connected house could also contribute to the good health of its inhabitants. "This is a very promising area," says Sebastien Dourthe "To achieve excellent thermal performance, homes have become very watertight and indoor air quality is an issue.If we do not do anything, indoor air can Sometimes, it is more polluted than outside air, and it is easy to imagine connected, connected VMCs equipped with pollen or VOC filters that react to pollutant levels in the ambient air. air would always be optimal, without any intervention of the inhabitant For the asthmatic or allergic people the gain of comfort would be considerable.
A connected home project is being prepared with care. List your needs and opt for an open and scalable system. When choosing your box, some questions are important: is it dependent or independent of the cloud? Offered with or without a subscription? Compatible with one or more manufacturers? Is navigation good in French?
Thanks to :
François-Xavier Jeuland, President of the French Federation of Domotics, independent advisor, author of the book "La maison communicante" (4th edition - Eyrolles).
Directory of professionals available on the site www.ffdomotique.org
Sébastien Dourthe, builder of individual houses in Indre-et-Loire, member of the Trabeco national network (www.trabeco.fr)