Wood heating, yes but which one?
Beyond the pleasure ofa beautiful outbreak, wood heating is also a more and more efficient heat source. Discover the advice of an expert to help you see more clearly and succumb to the pleasure of a wood heating !
More and more coveted, the wood heating is now fed with logs, platelets or granules. Recommended solution for additional heating or central heatingWood is present in one out of three single houses in France. Renewable raw material and efficient equipment, wood heating is also less and less polluting, with a lower CO2 emission compared to fuel oil or gas. If its assets are well established, it is sometimes difficult to find different types of heaters and fuels. André Joffre, president of Qualit'EnR (association for the quality of installation in the field of renewable energies) decrypts wood heating in all its forms to allow you to choose the model that best suits your needs.
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Why choose wood heating?
André Joffre: wood heating has always been a special place in the heart of the French. The devices have evolved a lot these last years : waterproof stove who does not consume the air inside the house, automatic boiler with a programmed power supply, etc. A real revolution compared to the traditional fireplace and old wood stoves! These modern and efficient equipments are a source of energy that is both ecological and economical, provided they are well installed and adapted to the needs of housing. To respect the good practices in the choice of the apparatus and the installation, it is the pledge of a safe, efficient and ecological heating with a cheap fuel!
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How do I know which type of wood heating is suitable for my home?
André Joffre: each dwelling has its own needs its configuration (location, living space, insulation ...) but also the lifestyle of its occupants (size of home, lifestyle ...). Wood heating has the advantage of offering a wide range of systems in an extended price range. There are additional solutions with stoves and insertsThese appliances are installed in the hearth of a traditional fireplace to make a powerful and modern heating. There is also equipment designed for the central heating, in particular log or pellet boilers. In addition, many appliances are now designed for automatic fuel supply with log products. These granules, platelets or densified logs are more expensive but offer a large heating autonomy (up to one year) and therefore more comfort to use.
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What are the tips to choose in store my wood heating?
André Joffre: it is important to rely on logo "Green flame", the must-have label for wood-burning appliances. Just look at the environmental performance class of the device on a scale of 5 to 7 stars. Since January 1, 2015, the label is only granted to 5-star or more devices, which allow limit particulate emissions in outdoor air at less than 125 mg / m3. Before you equip a wood heater, make sure that its fuel type matches your expectations (cost, storage, comfort, autonomy) and is available near you. If it comes from far, its price and CO2 emissions related to its transport will increase, thus reducing the energy and financial gain of wood heating.
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What are the standards for wood heating for a new construction?
André Joffre: the new thermic regulation (RT 2012) is applicable since 1 January 2013 and imposes theuse of at least one renewable energy source in new individual homes. Wood-burning appliances are among the most widely used solutions to meet this obligation in a simple, economical and comfortable way. Wood heating makes it easy to meet the imposed threshold Primary energy production provided by renewable energies (5 kWp / m2 / year). Used in main heating, it even benefits from a 30% bonus in calculating total energy consumption (under certain conditions) given its low ecological impact.
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How much does a wood heater cost (maintenance, fuel, etc.)?
André Joffre: the wood is globally less expensive than traditional energies (fuel, gas, electricity ...), however, it varies depending on the type of fuel (logs, chips, granules ...). On the other hand, it is necessary to slightly higher maintenance budget to a conventional boiler given the obligation to sweep your installation twice a year (between 200 and 300 euros per year with the interview). The additional cost of equipment to purchase is depreciated in a few years, usually from 3 to 6 years, depending on your installation and use. From this moment, your wood heating will allow you to achieve an annual saving of several hundred euros.
Learn more about Qualit'EnR: www.qualit-enr.org