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All about amaryllis, a voluptuous plant

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All about amaryllis, a voluptuous plant

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Amaryllis is a bulb plant that one installs in the garden under hot and humid climates, or in pots on temperate continents. The flowers that are born at the end of this long stem make this houseplant very graphic and decorative. Amaryllis is bought in flowerpot and can be kept long if it is watered slightly. You can grow flower stems yourself from bulbs. This allows to choose its color of flowers, to marry with the tones of its decoration. Amaryllis loves the heat and do not suffer too much from the extreme house temperatures in winter. Keep the flowers fresh for a long time by leaving them cool at night (12 to 13 °).

Amaryllis is a very easy plant to cultivate in our interiors. She illuminates holiday decorations with her big flowers ranging from dark red to white. Our practical tips will help novice and experienced gardeners enjoy the flamboyance of amaryllis flowers throughout the year.

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Plantation of amaryllis

Even if amaryllis are in the ground in hot climates, they are found in pots in our latitudes. How to choose amaryllis? Select the largest bulbs. Check that the roots of each bulb are fresh and free of mold.

Then go for a pot very heavy and wide enough to keep the plant upright. The weight of the bulb, stem and flowers of amaryllis can tilt it. Avoid plastic pots that prevent the amaryllis bulb from breathing ... Arrange a bed of clay balls or gravel in the bottom of the pot. Fill the pot 2/3 full with a mixture of soil enriched with fertilizer, from garden and sand soil. Arrange the amaryllis bulb, leaving a space of about 2 cm between the plant and the pot and above all, squeeze the bulb only halfway, to avoid the risk of rot of the plant.

It flows about 8 weeks between bulb planting and flowering. Most amaryllis bloom in the spring, while developing their foliage. For potatoes in December, plant the bulbs in September, October.

Size and maintenance of amaryllis

After the flowering, let the amaryllis rest for at least 2 to 3 months by keeping the plant in a very bright and warm room. Every year, change the soil of the pots in September, when watering is stopped. Amaryllis is very reactive to changes in temperature. The heat accelerates the flowering. And if you want to slow down, place the amaryllis in a room that is always bright but cooler.

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Watering and fertilizer in amaryllis

Water the pots so that the vegetation stays green, even after flowering, until the end of the summer. It is indeed during this season that the reserves of the bulbs are reconstituted. Then stop watering for 2 weeks then water again. After 2 months you should observe a new flowering.

The rest of the year, sprinkle the amaryllis slightly, but enough to keep moisture at the foot of the semi buried bulb. During the first year of planting, no need for fertilizer. From the second year, add a special fertilizer flowering plants in small doses in the water of irrigation. This is enough for the amaryllis to bloom well.

Diseases and parasites affecting amaryllis

Amaryllis bulbs are sold free of disease. However amaryllis can be attacked by fungi. The foliage can then become deformed and scratch red. Remove all diseased parts of the plant with a fungicide.

If you keep your bulbs in winter for a bloom the following summer, pay attention to the humidity. The bulbs can start to rot. In this case, cut off the damaged bulb portions and winter the rest of the amaryllis bulbs dry and in the shade.

To know about amaryllis

There are two families of amaryllis, the one, sensitive to the cold and from South America, which is grown in pots. This is the type of amaryllis found in garden centers in bloom at Christmas. The other variety is the belladonna amaryllis. It comes from South Africa and can be planted in the ground in all regions with mild climate. The latter flowers in late summer.

The varieties of amaryllis to choose

We find very easily amaryllis with red, white or pink flower. No blue except in a rare Brazilian variety and little yellow. Amaryllis are not fragrant except the variety Apple Blossom. Thered amaryllis Benfica bears very dark and elegant red flowers while the variety Nymph is white and delicate streaks of pink color.

Gardener's tip on amaryllis

Do not discard the amaryllis once its flowers have fallen. The plant is not very pretty after flowering but we can make them leave after a few months of cool rest.

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