All about the wooden house
Respectful of the environment, authentic but also with excellent energy performance... the cardboard wooden house! Especially since it is brought up to date by architects and builders of houses in recent years. Our experts enlighten you on these wooden houses new look that combine the benefits.
The wooden houses have the wind in their sails. "According to the latest figures, 1 house out of 10 is wooden, advance Loïc de Saint-Quentin, Secretary General of Afcobois, French Union of Wood Constructions. The wood constructions have found a real dynamism in 2017, dynamism confirmed in 2018. "
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The wooden house? A dream that becomes reality for more than 10% of French people. Price on estimate. Booa House.
Frédéric Godard for Booa
What look for my wooden house?
Warm and authentic look, different design ... These are the first criteria that push you to opt for a wooden house. There is also talk of a wooden house when the house is equipped with a wooden support structure but there are different construction techniques that affect the architecture of the house.
The most common is wood-frame construction, which is perfect for the individual house (over 80% of cases). The structural elements (walls, frame, floor) are prefabricated in the workshop, from wooden posts and crosspieces of small section (45 or 50 mm x 145 or 200 mm or more), spaced about 60 cm. On the other hand, with the beam column technique, the vertical poles and the horizontal beams are larger and spaced out (every 3 or 4 meters for example), which makes it possible to integrate large windows. "We often mix these two techniques," explains Samuel Gardavaud, CEO of Gardavaud Habitations, a specialist in wood construction, "so our wood-frame homes often include a beam stud part, especially to provide large openings in a living room. south facing. "
In addition to the structure, what will give the wooden house its character is then the exterior cladding that can be made of wood, brick, plaster ... "Here again, we can marry the materials, says Loïc de Saint-Jean. Quentin: The flexibility of wood allows for more sophisticated architectures, traditional or ultra-contemporary.The person who opts for a wooden house, usually looking for a different and personalized house.
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This wooden house has a roof terrace in advance, allowing the large living room to open on the outside. The exterior coating harmoniously mixes gray larch and white ceramic plates. Price upon request. Realization Gardavaud Habitations.
A wooden house in which to live
In addition to its authentic character, the wooden house also has excellent insulation, allowing to lower its heating bill (from 20 to 30% compared to a masonry construction). And even today, with the new standards RT 2012, this advantage in terms of insulation is reduced compared to new homes that must be better isolated. "The Swiss have long understood the benefits of wood, in terms of insulation, says Samuel Gardavaud, a natural insulator that works against the cold but also against the hot with a real comfort of use and It is also a material that absorbs moisture for a home that 'breathes' and is good to live in. As the Swedish proverb says: If the doctor can not help you, live in a house in wood !"
Not only is the wood a natural insulator but between each structural element of a wooden house, an insulation of 15 to 30 cm thick is integrated. With consequent strengthening of the energy performance of the wooden house.
Finally, on the environmental side, the wooden house is very much above the rest, the wood growing naturally (unlike the sand that must be heated to become concrete), for a much more favorable carbon footprint.
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The large bay windows make this house ultra-luminous wood while aluminum carpentry anthracite gray bring a touch of modernity. Price upon request. Realization in natural larch Gardavaud Habitations.
Wooden house: shortened deadlines
A standard house with a wood frame of 130 m2 can be delivered in 3 months when for a house with the same concrete surface, you will have to wait on average 1.5 years. With wood, indeed, no drying time as with concrete, and especially the possibility of pre-manufacturing the house in the workshop. An argument that favors the quality of construction, according to Loïc de Saint-Quentin: "The structure will be mounted in workshops covered under optimal working conditions, whatever the weather conditions. close, with opportunities to tailor or series. "
All that remains is to assemble the various elements (walls, floor and frame) at the private home, which saves time and facilitates construction. Some builders go further and can deliver some turnkey items, manufactured in their workshops, such as walls already lined with their exterior cladding and including insulation, electrical ducts ... "The fact of prefabricating in the workshop also allows us to be certified by the standard 'Manufacturer Wood' at the FCBA (Wood Technical Center), continues Samuel Gardavaud who has just obtained this certification.To claim, it is necessary that the manufacturer manages the technical design, manufacture and implementation, and that it be subjected to an audit to verify that it uses only standardized products, which meet the required criteria of seismic resistance, resistance to fire, loads ... It is a real pledge of seriousness and quality for the particular . "
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This large wooden house is composed of a kitchen open to living room of 61 m2, 4 bedrooms, a garage, a terrace and a swimming lane for an outdoor design. Newport model. Living area: 143 m2. Year of completion: 2011. Insulation of the roof in mineral wool 385 mm. Floor insulation with mineral wool 240 mm. Heating: MUSA multiair MCZ pellet stove. White pre-painted cladding and red cedar. About 225,000 euros. Group Friend Wood.
Ami Wood Group
Wooden houses, what species?
The choice of species depends on the budget but also the desired aesthetic rendering. Without finishing, all woods exposed to the outdoors will end up gray but some naturally sustainable species such as Larch, Red Cedar or Douglas will behave better over time (they are also more expensive).
If you want to prevent your wood from going intoxicating, you will have to maintain it by passing a layer of stain. Depending on the orientation of the structure (in the South and West, the wood will suffer more from the sun and more quickly intoxicating), this layer of stain will have to be renewed every 3 to 6 years. Remain another solution, that of giving color to your home: white, gray, blue ... It is already very fashionable in countries like Sweden and it begins to develop in France. With a porous micro-porous paint, the wood house does not require any touch-up for at least 10 years.
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The wooden house often responds to a desire for differentiation. This is the case of this wooden house with atypical form that combines modernity and authenticity. Price upon request. Ami Wood Group
I have my wooden house built
When you want to build a wooden house, you have the choice between contacting an architect (or a master builder) who will propose different companies to carry out the construction or to a builder of single house who will be your only interlocutor. In this second case, you will have a contract of construction of individual house which includes a ten-year guarantee, the insurance damage / work and a guarantee of good end of completion at the price and the agreed deadlines. This means that in the event of a manufacturer's failure, the insurance replaces the builder, to complete your home.
It is advisable to go to competent builders who are well-established and who will be able to offer all the necessary guarantees or to architects who have a real experience in timber construction. Manufacturers now offer homes at all catalog prices but their design offices can also build custom. The architect may go further in detail or the specific choice, to be preferred if you want an unusual house. Do not hesitate in any case to visit houses built by the provider you have selected.
"With equal performance, the wood house is no more expensive than a masonry house," concludes Loïc de Saint-Quentin.One manufacturer, the prices start at 1200/1300 euros per m2, with a large amplitude depending on the building site and the fame of the company. " It is more difficult to give price orders when you call on an architect, as the price depends on the materials, the dimensions, the method of construction ... However, it is necessary to envisage a budget higher than that of a builder, of as much as it can evolve over the works: count about 1700 euros the m2 for a house of 100 m2.
Flat roof, aluminum carpentry anthracite gray, natural wood ... This house incorporates all the codes of modernity.
Studio Thomas Bekker for Booa
Located on the Arcachon basin in the municipality of Lanton, this secondary house with a beautiful wooden terrace and a swimming pool is arranged on 2 levels: on the ground floor a master suite and the space of life of nearly 70m2. On the floor, a space 100% dedicated to children. Equation model. Living area: 154 m2. Land: 800 m2. Cladding: treated pine autoclave brown. Horizontal laying. Origin of wood: France. Heating: pellet stove comfort AIR type EGO + wall emitters. Insulation walls in mineral wool 220 mm. Roof: mineral wool mattress R = 9. Floor: mineral wool 240 mm. Roofing: Roman tiles. Around 230,000 euros. Group Friend Wood.
Ami Wood Group
Wooden house, self-construction
Be careful not to minimize the extent and difficulty of the task if you decide to build your own wooden house: such a building requires strong skills even if you opt for a wooden house delivered 'kit', with instructions mounting. You will absolutely have to take out a damage / property insurance - which is compulsory, and which will allow you to be compensated in case of litigation.
On the price side, there are wooden houses in kit from 51 000 euros per 100 m2 (600 euros per m2, excluding foundations, off-road, off-road ..., which will increase the final cost by the same amount).