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All about kumquat, the scented citrus shrub

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All about kumquat, the scented citrus shrub

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The kumquat is a small shrub family of citrus originating in Asia. It is more resistant to cold than its cousins, lemons or oranges, grows very well in the ground in regions with mild climate, as in pots. It blooms in summer and gives small fruits that are consumed with the skin in the heart of winter. Its evergreen foliage is a pretty green and its white flowers, scented. The kumquat is one of the simplest citrus to grow on a balcony or even a window sill.

The kumquat is a citrus easy to cultivate. Its small orange fruits have a very fine skin and are fully edible. Inside or outside the kumquat is a very practical gateway into the big citrus family. Our practical advice will help novice and experienced gardeners to grow kumquat successfully in their garden and on their terrace.

Kumquat plantation

The kumquat crashes in a rich soil, very drained and not calcareous. Avoid soils compact and clay. Plan a sunny location and protected from drafts. Most kumquats will resist up to minus 10 degrees. Dig a hole of at least twice the size of the mound. Drain the bottom of the hole with clay balls, add a layer of compost-enriched compost, install the shrub, fill the hole without overgrowing the surface of the clod. Lightly claw, fill the pot with the same potting soil, do not tamp. Water copiously and install a guardian, if necessary.

Potted kumquat, care tips

Kumquat is particularly suitable for pot cultivation. Its small development allows to install it in big bins or high pots. Plan for good drainage to avoid too much water in the pot. Use a citrus potting soil and do not bury the mound. Lightly scratch the earth's surface by filling the pot. Water copiously. Indoors, be aware that leaves can fall suddenly in case of dry air, which is often the case in urban apartments. In this case, immerse the kumquat mound for a few minutes, drain well and let the plant rest in a damp and not too cool room. Or better, on a window sill well exposed to the sun. The kumquat will appreciate passing winter in a cool room. This is how he can give beautiful fruits.

Size and maintenance of kumquat

The kumquat is getting smaller. The size is practiced in spring except frost period. Cut the dead wood with a disinfected pruner. Take the opportunity to spot the mealybugs attacks and treat them with black soap. Ventilate the center of the shrub and cut the branches too long or misplaced.

Watering and kumquat fertilizer

If the kumquat is in pot and indoors, water regularly. The earth should not be too dry. Spray the leaves also for avoid drought. Outside, water little in winter and more often in summer, especially during hot weather. Remember to baste the foliage if the air is too dry. Regarding thefertilizer, add a special citrus solution during each watering if the kumquat is in pot and especially if it is inside. Outside, bring the same type of fertilizer twice a month from April. This will allow a good flowering and therefore beautiful fruits. If the kumquat is in the ground, scratch the soil in spring and bring a good dose of fertilizer around the base of the shrub.

Diseases and parasites affecting kumquat

Kumquat suffers from the same diseases as other citrus fruits, even though it is more resistant. The mealybugs can devour young leaves and leave a substance called honeydew, which forms black clusters on the plant, the sooty mold. The treatment is done by spraying black soap and warm water. If you can clean the leaves of the kumquat with a small sponge of soapy water. Avoid kumquat cold drafts, too much moisture and hot blows dry. This is the best way to fight pests.

To know about kumquat

Kumquat is mainly from China. It was only reported in Europe in the 19th century by botanists explorers.

Varieties of kumquat to choose

Choose the kumquat according to the desired use. For decoration, plant the kumquat hindi with berries with big seeds. For the tasting, the kumquat from Japan has a soft flesh and a very fine skin. Finally for the cuisine, sweet and sour or candied fruit, adopt the kumquat margarita. Of new hybrids appear as the limequat with delicious yellow fruits.

Gardener's tip on the kumquat

If you are offered a kumquat, do not let it drag in the living room, it will wither. Even if you do not have a balcony, try to install it on a window sill. This is the best way to see it grow and enjoy its delicious fruit.

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