Olivier Hallot - Frenchie Cristogatin
Blind room, imposing supporting structures, absence of partition ... How to transform constraining spaces into a pleasant, intimate and luminous place of life? Architects give us their advice ...
Architects have taken up the challenge of poorly arranged spaces and give us their advice to optimize them to the maximum ...1. Create a patio
On the Atlantic coast, Lionel Coutier transformed this former 1930s garage into a contemporary house. Equipped with three full height windows with sliding frames, the patio (6 x 4.50 m) has become the heart of this family loft, lighting the living rooms and one of the bedrooms. Covered with cumaru blades, it is laid out like a terrace, with built-in bench, cushions and coffee table.
"Offering outdoor space and natural lighting, old garages and workshops are mostly adjoining on all sides, they occupy the entire plot with little or no openings, and regulations often prohibit creating or to enlarge the windows to avoid the vis-à-vis.Patio is necessary therefore, with a double interest: to offer an outside space and to bring light inside .. To position it, one evaluates the external constraints ( areas of shade, exposure to the wind, the sun, etc.) and interior (which rooms to open on the patio, how much to give it compared to interior volumes, etc.) The main difficulty is the evacuation of rainwater It may be necessary to break the ground to allow drainage.The creation of a patio causes a significant change in existing: the building that had been thought covered will open with the consequence, in particular, the exhibition ion of some walls to rain ".Lionel Coutier, architect in La Rochelle.2. Enhance the structure
In Paris, Odile Veillon has made this former furniture storage a loft of 100 m². Almost no space has been closed to take advantage of the clarity offered by the long canopy that borders the space. A beautiful effect accented by the white that dresses walls and concrete pillars. "It allowed us to create a unit and to make the structure more discreet whose lines were already very strong."
"Using the frame to distribute the various functions In general, the supporting structures have their own harmony.Conserve them to enjoy the beauty of their design.They also allow not to partition the volumes.Use their location to divide the various functions of the house (dining area, reading, cooking, work, etc.) and locate the rooms you want to partition (bedrooms and bathrooms) .We opt for places where room layout will leave this impression of space the least, leaving long lengths or diagonals free to look.Pillars, poles, we can use their vertical lines as stakes.They become the point of support of a storage or d A custom designed table For this project, I drew a work plan that is structured around a concrete pillar and serves as a dining room and office table without hindering the space ". Odile Veillon, architect in Paris.3. Design a mezzanine
Cube on stage
In this old apartment of 66 m² with exposed beams and stones, under a high ceiling (3.80 m), the architect Jacques Rival designed a mezzanine as a perched hut welcoming the room. To make the most of the natural light and avoid any feeling of confinement, the cube is fully glazed on one side (Securit glass) and semi-open on the other (stair side). The owner lives alone, which explains the absence of occultations.
"On a mezzanine, the ventilation is essential.The heights under ceiling are not always important enough to create a floor of all parts.It is then necessary to think of the mezzanine by playing on the volumes, by freeing the circulations and by reducing the height under the ceiling where you do not necessarily have to stand up, like around a bed or a bathtub.It is first of all in terms of surface optimization that you have to reason. generates lost spaces or if it freezes the traffic, we will prefer a platform (which can measure up to 1.50 m high), on which we will install the sleeping space, for example.If we opt for the mezzanine It is necessary to think of the ventilation beforehand as the heat tends to rise, to circulate the air is indispensable.Then, it is often necessary to be able to close or conceal it by a system of frame or blinds in order to maintain some privacy, as well only sound ". Jacques Rival, architect in Lyon.4. Play transparency
Jean-François Delsalle reconverted this Parisian confectionery workshop into a family apartment. Located on the first floor, overlooking a narrow street, the place was large but not bright. The architect imagined an open space, without corridor, to the fluid circulation. Thanks to a system of pivoting frame equipped with a plate of translucent cellular polycarbonate, the kitchen is shown or hides according to the desire of its inhabitants, without ever lacking brightness.
"Bringing light into dark or blind rooms." There are many subterfuges to bring light into places that may be lacking like an old workshop converted into a home Here, I played with a mounted dimpled polycarbonate plate Translucent, it diffuses a soft light in the kitchen when it is closed Open, it allows a dialogue without obstacle between living room and kitchen In addition, it offers the advantage of being light, which is not negligible in these spaces often with high ceilings.Finally, it is a more economical solution than glass.This option, perfect between living rooms, would be less between bedrooms and a living room or an office: indeed, the 180 ° swivel doors only provide an imperfect seal against noise.To illuminate a blind room like a room, we will rather rely on mirror games that capture the light from other rooms or fluorescent tubes that faithfully reproduce the light of day ". Jean-François Delsalle, architect in Paris.