Lay out the bathroom for the elderly or disabled, a challenge will say some? Not at all, mutilple solutions exist today to facilitate access to the bathroom and secure it. Tips and ideas to follow in the photo gallery ...
The elderly and the disabled will account for nearly half of the French population in 2030, according to a report by the Association des Paralysés de France. Until now, bathroom fixtures for the elderly have been reduced to those offered to the disabled. Certainly, some products are suitable for them, but they are left on the sidelines.
In response to demand and the reality of life, bathroom brands have decided to adapt their products to seniors and to offer them specific products. No revolution, but little by little, solutions multiply. But before taking care of the layout, some simple tips to apply to secure the bathroom and prevent the risk of accidents ...
Secure and facilitate access to the bathroom
In general, opt for a non-slip plastic floor and waterproof to prevent any risk of slipping tiling. Multiply the presence of bars and grab handles to facilitate mobility or out of wheelchair for those who have one. Prefer slotted bars and handles that are less slippery than stainless steel ones, and most importantly, do not skimp on fixing and screwing. Better too much, not enough! For the visually impaired, prefer the furniture with sliding doors. Always radius furniture, opening doors inward should not exceed 90 cm. Choose a thermostatic faucet. Adjustable, they avoid the risk of burns. The space must be clear enough to accommodate two people (the companion), if necessary.
The showers are easier to access than the bathtubs, and the walk-in showers, more practical because they have no threshold to cross. If you opt for a bath, think of the bath seat to help the elderly get up easily. In addition, opt for suspended toilets, to position it at the desired height or adjustable remote control.
The dimensions to know
For optimal use of the bathroom, measures must be taken: Height support bar: between 0.70 and 0.90 m.Mirror at 1.05 m maximum floor (or mirror tilt). sink: about 0.85 m. Basin / floor: 0.70 m minimum. Height switch: 1 m from the floor.Height from the window handles: 1.20 m.Height from the door handles: 1.05 m. Height of shower or bath faucet: 0,40 / 0,50 m.Long shower bar (length 0,90 m) .Drawers: 0,70 / 1,10 m.Low mounting: 0,25 m from the floor. Tall storage: 0.60 / 1.50 m.
Choosing the right equipment
No more old-fashioned solutions. Manufacturers offer more and more designs. The consumer brands, they are gradually starting to sell products for the elderly or disabled. Several possibilities are therefore available to the consumer.
The suspended version WC
A tall toilet bowl or booster seat can be added for the purpose of sitting and getting up more easily. Extra help, fixed or liftable support bars. For wheelchair users, the free space should be 80 x 130 cm laterally. The height of the toilet, it must be the same as that of the seat of the person with reduced mobility or disabled to facilitate the passage from one to another.
Thermostatic mixing valves eliminate the risk of burns while those equipped with an elongated lever facilitate their use. Swivel mirrors are more convenient to look at when sitting. Washbasins designed to sit in front makes it easy to wash.
For people in wheelchairs, use sinks hanging on the wall that allow to clear the space to slip the knees. The free height under the sink must be at least 70 cm. The edge meanwhile it should not measure more than 85 cm to allow a toilet without gene. Avoid, therefore, to place the storage furniture.
The shower: ultra-flat shower or walk-in shower
The ultra-flat catcher facilitates accessibility but the walk-in shower remains the most accessible. The installation of a shower seat makes it possible to take a shower sitting comfortably and safely. A hand shower facilitates taking shower and the intervention of a third person, if necessary, and the bars of support, the entry and the exit of shower.
The bath: classic or door version
Bath side, two solutions are available to you. The classic or the door. If your heart leans for the bathtub, whatever it is, know that it is imperative to line the bottom with a non-slip mat. Otherwise slip assured! The tub with door, allows to enter without effort, but does not have only advantages. To take into consideration, the filling and emptying time is quite long. Be careful not to catch cold. The choice of the bath is only possible for people able to cross a threshold of 15 to 20 centimeters. For disabled people, a lift seat allows you to descend safely to the bottom of the bath with a remote control. If you have a wheelchair, the rim should be at the same height as the wheelchair seat.
From the legal point of view
The legal provisions taken in terms of accessibility mainly concern people with disabilities. In February 2005, a law for equal rights and opportunities, participation and citizenship of people with disabilities was passed in order to promote the integration of disabled people and the accessibility of their living environment. The last decree of the law to come into force concerns the development of the bathrooms.
As of January 1, 2010, dwellings that are the subject of an application for a building permit must have at least one shower room equipped so as to provide the possibility of installing an accessible shower. When the shower is not installed from the beginning, its development must be done without without intervention on the shell. In single-family houses, it must be on the ground floor.
The provision of sanitary equipment should allow people in wheelchairs to move easily. Knowing that the dimensions of an armchair are 1.25 meters in length and 0.75 meters in width, the circular space must be at least 1.50 meters apart from the movement of the door and fixed equipment. At least one lavatory must provide at least 0.80 m × 1.30 m of free space laterally to the toilet and outside of the doorway.
For a standing adult, the maximum average height of tall storages is 1.90 m, while for a senior with cane, the maximum height is 1.50 m. Finally, a person in a wheelchair, must have storage space with a maximum average height of 1.40 m.