All about pyracantha, a fireball
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The pyracantha is a remarkable shrub that is part of the Rosaceae family. It sports branches adorned with long spines and can form very effective defensive hedges. It is covered with colorful berries in autumn, from yellow to dark red and sun or partial shade in a free land. Cultivated in a hedge or subject trussed against a wall, the pyracantha, or burning bush, is one of the most important colorful shrubs in a garden.
The pyracantha is a shrub very easy to cultivate. He likes in most free and drained land. It is hardy, withstands cold temperatures (down to -15 ° C) and can be planted in the sun or partial shade. It is cultivated for the defensive aspect of its thorny branches and for its spectacular autumn fruiting.. Our practical tips will help beginner and experienced gardeners to grow the pyracantha successfully in their garden and on their terrace.
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Plantation of the pyracantha
Pyracantha is a rustic shrub. It rains to crash in different terrains, heavy or light. Avoid soils that are too calcareous, to be enriched with potting soil and compost. Prefer a sunny exposure and plan a planting distance of 1.50 to 2 meters for hedges.
Soak the pyracantha mound, unless the subject is very large, and dig a hole at least twice as wide as this mound. Add some horn or an organic amendment to the bottom of the hole, then some well-enriched potting soil and place the shrub in the center of the hole. Fill in mixing the soil removed from the hole and potting soil. Do not tamp too much and water copiously. Straw if your land tends to dry too fast. Pyracantha grows quickly, so you can plant it as a small or big thing. In the latter case, water regularly the first two years to facilitate the recovery.
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The pyracantha in pot
The pyracantha can be planted in pots or in vats. he can form persistent hedges view breeze or windbreak practice on a terrace. Proceed for planting, as in the ground. Favor limited varieties to avoid having to cut them too much. The pyracantha attracts birds, tits and sparrows that adore its colorful fruits. A nice way to have a natural living space in the city.
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Size and maintenance of the pyracantha
The pyracantha prune at the end of autumn, after fruiting. Use thick gloves to protect yourself from the thorns of the shrub. During the first years of shrub growth, think about the size of training. It allows to give the desired silhouette for each tree. Cut the slender branches and those that are badly placed. In the following years, cut the dead branches and fold the pyracantha to the desired height. Do not hesitate to cut short the hedges of pyracanthas. New shoots will easily grow on old branches.
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Watering and fertilizer pyracantha
Water at planting and for the first two years. Subsequently, water the pyracantha only during drought. In the same way, it is not useful to bring fertilizer after the first year of growth of the shrub.
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Diseases and parasites affecting the pyracantha
Pyracantha is a rustic shrub and not very sensitive to diseases. This shrub easily hosts garden birds that hide in branches and feed on its berries. It can, however, be attacked by fire blight. In this case, tear the shrub and burn it to prevent the spread of the disease, widespread in some areas.
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To know about the pyracantha
We often hesitate to plant pyracanthas because of a part of the toxicity of its fruits, which should not be ingested, and secondly the presence ofsharp spines present along the branches. Arm yourself with good gloves when you trim your pyracanthas.
The varieties of pyracantha to choose
For defensive hedges, opt for large, fast-growing pyracanthas : the variety 'Mohave' with orange-red fruits can grow to 4 meters high. It can be combined with the 'Red Column' pyracantha, scarlet red and the 'Teton' variety with yellow-orange fruit.
For potted plantations, prefer compact varieties that do not exceed 2 meters high.
Look for the yellow pyracanthas 'Soleil d'Or' or 'Cadaune', perfect for lighting a dark terrace.
Finally, try this amazing pyracantha green foliage edged with white which is adorned with beautiful red-orange fruit in summer, the 'Sparkler' or the pyracantha 'Rogersiana' remarkable for the very elegant arched port of its branches adorned with orange fruits.
Gardener's tip on the pyracantha
Pyracantha is most often planted in defensive hedge or bush. It can also be cut and formed very pretty topiaries (worked forms of plants) very resistant.