All about tomato, the vegetable fruit to put all the sauces
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The tomato is a annual plant native to South America. Originally classified as a fruit, tomatoes are nowadays a very popular vegetable. This plant likes the rich lands, well drained and sunny exposures. There are so many varieties of tomatoes that you can change each season, and discover new flavors. Be careful not to plant tomatoes in the same place two years in a row. Wait at least three years and leave the soil to regenerate, with fertilizer sowing green such as buckwheat or mustard buried in the soil after flowering.
Tomato is a delicate fruit vegetable that gardeners love to install in their garden. This annual plant loves the heat, the rich and drained lands, while fearing more than anything moisture and cold. Our practical tips will help beginner and experienced gardeners to successfully grow tomatoes in their garden and on their terraces.
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Planting the tomato
Tomatoes can be grown from seedlings or young plants. The sowing is done from February in boxes of light potting soil in a sunny and warm place. Water lightly several times. Young plants can be transplanted once they have 4 to 6 leaves. If the climate is too cold, put your tomato plants in individual pots, sheltered from the cold but well lit, to harden them before putting them in the kitchen garden. Reserve tomatoes a place protected from drafts, always sunny. Proceed after the end of the frosts. Spade well, bring compost to the ground, lighten the heavy and clay soil with potting soil. Space tomatoes one meter, so that you can move around the tutors and plant marigolds, and aromatic herbs between each foot. Dig wide holes for the installation of the tomato plants. Lay out in the background, a handful of nettle leaves before installing the tomato clumps. Fill the hole with potting soil, sprinkle copiously without drowning the plant, straw to maintain moisture, and install tomato stakes, preferably metal. Tomatoes are harvested approximately 4 months after planting.
Potted tomato, care tips
Some varieties of tomatoes can be installed in bins on a terrace. Prefer rustic varieties that resist cold and protect your tomato feet from drafts and wind. Think about watering, essential to get beautiful fruits.
Size and maintenance of the tomato
Pinch the stems of the tomato plant to promote the development of lateral stems. In fresh regions, remove the flowers as early as August, because the tomatoes from these flowers will not have time to grow sufficiently. Straw the soil well for keep the heat and humidity watering without wetting the leaves. We can also cut foliage dragging on the ground to avoid the spread of diseases. Harvest tomatoes when they are ripe. At the end of the season, you can pick tomatoes that are still green and ripen them in a sheet of newspaper in a veranda or in the kitchen.
Watering and tomato fertilizer
The tomato needsregular watering in the spring without too much wet the foliage. A drip at the foot is perfect. Limit the watering in the summer, when the tomatoes are growing. So they will have more taste and will be well sweetened. Too much water will make them bland, as is often the case with marketed tomatoes. Enjoy a heavy shower to mulch the tomato's feet. This will keep enough moisture in the soil. On the fertilizer side, add a special organic liquid tomato solution, twice a month from the moment the tomatoes appear. Use some horsetail manure in spray to strengthen the plant.
Diseases and parasites affecting the tomato
The tomatoes are fragile especially when planted in cold regions. Too much moisture in the spring and an overflow of watering favor mildew attacks. In anticipation and to remove whiteflies, plant carnations, parsley or chives around tomatoes. Cut the damaged foliage, straw well to limit the watering and spray of the Bordeaux mixture on foliage. If you see black spots on the fruit, think calcium deficiency. Bring a special organic tomato fertilizer to treat the soil. Also prefer watering with waterrainwater less limestone than tap water. Pests: Aphids, Colorado potato beetles and nematodes can attack young tomato plants. Favor the implantation of ladybugs who will feast, spray some nettle manure to strengthen the feet of tomatoes and do not replant the tomatoes two years in a row at the same place.
To know about the tomato
The tomato is a exotic fruit long called the golden apple. It began to be cultivated in Mexico in the sixteenth century. In France, there are more 400 varieties of tomatoes, more than 170 of which are for the cultivation of home gardens. Some tomatoes grow in extreme conditions, such as small tomatoes from Vesuvius which thrive on the flanks of the volcano and are sold in clusters at the end of autumn.
The varieties of tomatoes to choose
Diversify your tomato plants as much as possible. Opt for the Andes horn, all in length, resistant to diseases, it is ideal for salads because it has few seeds. To accompany it, plant a foot of Green Zebra which gives tomatoes with green skin and full of juice. Another star of salads or starters, tomato Black Crimea with fine and sweet flesh, or the Rose of Bern which is also good for cooking. To change color, plant the tomato Lemon Boy, yellow with round and sweet fruit or else the Pineapple tomatoorangey yellow and very tasty. For stuffed tomatoes or gratins, grow the traditional tomato Heart of beef or the tomato Steak.
Gardener's tip on tomato
Prepare well tutors before thinking about planting your tomatoes. Prefer them spiral-shaped metal stakes. They will be stronger than wooden stakes that can break under the weight of tomatoes and less susceptible to disease. Push two or three stakes into the ground, install the plant between the two stakes and direct the tomato stems by wrapping them around the stakes.