All about basil, an aromatic herb with a spicy fragrance


All about basil, an aromatic herb with a spicy fragrance

Getty Images / iStockphoto

The basil is a aromatic plant very popular and who has need sun and humidity. Native to the tropics, this plant is often easier to grow in pots than in the ground. Basil has become an integral part of today's cuisine. To ensure good and long harvests, put a basilisk foot in a large pot in the kitchen. With good watering, the basil can reach more than 50 cm in height. It exists several varieties of basilfrom green to small leaves, Thai basil, lemon basil or aniseed basil. What to delight the taste buds.

The basil is a annual aromatic plant easy to cultivate in a rich earth and an very sunny situation. Set basil away from wind and drafts to promote the harmonious development of the plant. Our practical tips will help novice and experienced gardeners grow basil successfully in their garden and on their terrace.

Read also> All about rosemary, an essential aromatic plant

Planting basil

Basil is an aromatic plant native to tropical areas. He loves the sun, the rich, well-drained and cool lands. If your climate is particularly hot and dry, install basil in half shade. Finally choose garden place very sheltered from the wind. Spade the soil well and enrich the soil with compost or well decomposed manure. Install the basil pots from the end of the frosts and space them 30 cm. If your land is heavy, lighten it with garden potting soil and do not forget to install some gravel in the bottom of the planting holes. Tamp the soil, water the foot without wetting the foliage. Straw around the basil plants to keep the soil cool.

Read also> All about parsley, an aromatic herb 100% vitamins

Potted basil

Opt for the basil potted culture that is much easier that culture in the ground. Provide a well-lit and draft-free location. Place the basil seedlings in pots with a layer of gravel to drain and a good enriched garden soil. Water and tamp the earth around the plant. Install a cup under the pots because it is necessary to water the basil often and the drainage must be effective.

Read also> All about thyme, a special aromatic plant cooking

Basil size and maintenance

In order to promote the growth of basil, pinch the ends of the stems once a week. This will allow a division of the young shoots. When you harvest the stems, to serve you leaves, do so. From June or earlier if it is very hot, regularly biking between basil plants installed in the ground, between two waterings. Straw then. This is the best way to maintain the moisture needed for basil.

Read also> A mini kitchen garden on my balcony

Watering and basil fertilizer

Water the basil at least once a week for potted crops and twice for crops in open ground especially if the climate is warm andc. Water basil plants and avoid wetting foliage. It is not necessary to add fertilizer during the growth period of the plant.

Diseases and parasites affecting basil

Basil can be subject to cryptogamic disease attacks especially when the weather is cool and too wet. Spray the basil stalks with nettle manure to strengthen them.

Read also> All about nettle manure, smelly but awesome

To know about basil

Basil is frequently used for its ability to repel mosquitoes. An opportunity to install many pots in the kitchen and why not at the entrance of the house.

The varieties of basil to choose

The large-leaved basil is the most commonly sold. It grows well in pots but also in sunny gardens.

To diversify the plantations, choose the purple basil with small leaves tastier than his green-leaved cousin. To be reserved for the cultivation in pot, because it is very sensitive to cold.

The green basil with small leaves forms beautiful and very decorative balls in the kitchen garden.

Opt for Thai basil perfect with all Asian dishes.

And finally, why not experience the basil lemon or basil anise, ideal to accompany fish.

Read also> DIY: creating hanging pots for aromatic herbs

Gardener's tip on basil

Basil is a chilly. If you hesitate to install it in your garden, grow several varieties in pots installed in your kitchen near a light source. You can take out the pots in summer and get them back as soon as the thermometer falls. The other advantage of the pot culture is that you can cut leaves as you need to cook.